Comparative Functional Study of Clonal Insulin-Secreting Cells Cultured in Five Commercially Available Tissue Culture Media

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Abstract:

The electrofusion-derived rat insulin-secreting cell line BRIN-BD11 was cultured in five different commercially available media to determine the optimum medium for the in vitro maintenance of such clonal cell lines. Cells were cultured in RPMI-1640, DMEM, McCOY'S, F-12K, or MEM culture medium supplemented with 10% (v/v) fetal bovine serum and antibiotics (100 U/ml penicillin and 0.1 g/L streptomycin). Insulin secretion studies performed after 10 days revealed RPMI-1640 to be the best performing medium in terms of insulin secretory responsiveness to a range of stimuli including glucose, L-alanine, L-arginine, carbachol, and glibenclamide. Insulin release was significantly decreased (p < 0.01 to p < 0.05) in all other media compared to RPMI-1640. Only the cells cultured in RPMI-1640 and DMEM showed a significant glucose-induced insulin secretory response (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05). McCOY'S gave the next best result followed by F-12K and MEM. After the 10-day culture period, the highest insulin content was found in cells cultured in RPMI-1640 and DMEM with significantly lower levels of insulin in cells cultured in McCOY'S, F-12K, and MEM (p < 0.01 to p < 0.001). RPMI-1640 was used for further studies to investigate the effects of 5.6–16.7 mmol/L glucose in culture on the secretory responsiveness of BRIN-BD11 cells. Significant responses to a number of nonglucidic secretagogues were seen following culture at 5.6 and 16.7 mmol/L glucose, although responsiveness was less than after culture with 11.1 mmol/L glucose. At 16.7 mmol/L glucose culture, glucose-stimulated insulin release was abolished.

Keywords: Clonal pancreatic beta cells; Key words: BRIN-BD11

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000001783986837

Affiliations: School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Coleraine, BT52 1SA, Northern Ireland, UK

Publication date: January 1, 2001

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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