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Enhanced Survival of Grafts Genetically Endowed With the Ability to Block CD2 and B7

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In a model of transplantation rejection, we have tested whether a graft manipulated to secrete immunomodulators could protect itself from immune destruction. An insulinoma cell line having the NOD genotype but also expressing the neoantigen, SV40 T antigen, was transfected with CTLA4Ig or LFA3Ig to block signals in the co-stimulatory/adhesion pathways. This neoantigen is potent at inducing graft rejection. Secretion of CTLA4Ig and LFA3Ig by transfectants promoted survival of the insulinoma graft in young NOD mice. In immunodeficient mice, cell growth was similar for all transfectants. However, in immunocompetent NOD mice the survival/growth of test grafts was significantly better than that of the controls. Graft survival was enhanced additively, when the two test transfectants were cotransplanted. Endowing the graft the ability to secrete immunomodulators that block individual co-stimulatory/adhesion signals can contribute to transplantation success. Blockade of two signals (CD2 and CD28) in these pathways enhances this success.

Keywords: Co-stimulatory molecules; Key words: CTLA-4; LFA-3

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: *Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, P.O. Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville 3050, Australia 2: †Kaneka Corporation, 1-8, Miyamae-Machi, Takasago-Cho, Takasago-Shi, Hyogo, 676, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2001

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

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