Delta Opioid Peptide Augments Functional Effects and Intrastriatal Graft Survival of Rat Fetal Ventral Mesencephalic Cells
Authors: Borlongan, C.V.; Su, T-P.; Wang, Y.
Source: Cell Transplantation, Volume 10, Number 1, 2001 , pp. 53-58(6)
Publisher: Cognizant Communication Corporation
Abstract:Delta enkephalin analogue [D-Ala(2),D-Leu(5)]enkephalin (DADLE) has been shown to protect dopamine transporters from methamphetamine-induced neurotoxicity. In the present study, we demonstrate that exposure of embryonic ventral mesencephalic cells to DADLE (0.01 g/ml), prior to intrastriatal transplantation, enhanced functional recovery and graft survival in 6-hydroxydopamine-induced hemiparkinsonian rats. At 6 and 8 weeks posttransplantation, animals that received DADLE-treated cell grafts exhibited significantly higher (near normal) spontaneous locomotor behaviors, as well as trends of greater reversal of motor asymmetrical behaviors compared with animals that received nontreated cell grafts. Histological examination revealed that animals transplanted with DADLE-treated cell grafts exhibited about twice the number of surviving tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive grafted neurons compared with those animals that received nontreated cell grafts. These results suggest that DADLE should be considered as an adjunctive agent for neural transplantation therapy in Parkinson’s disease.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Cellular Neurobiology, Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, 5500 Nathan Shock Drive, Baltimore, MD 21224
Publication date: 2001-02-01
- Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.