Lymphocyte sensitivity to endogenous glucocorticoid cortisol could be a biological marker for safe reduction and withdrawal of steroids in renal transplant recipients. We compared peripheral lymphocyte sensitivity with cortisol between transplant recipients treated with tacrolimus (Tac)
and those treated with cyclosporine. The suppressive efficacies of cortisol against T-cell mitogen-stimulated proliferation of peripheral lymphocytes were investigated in 44 renal transplant patients, who either had reduced or been withdrawn from steroid treatment. Twenty of the 44 patients
were treated with Tac, and the other 24 patients were treated with cyclosporine A (CyA). The lymphocyte sensitivity to cortisol was compared between these two patient groups. The cortisol IC50 values in the Tac and CyA groups were 0.09 ± 0.12 and 14.2 ± 12.7 ng/ml, respectively.
Lymphocyte sensitivity to cortisol in the Tac-treated group was significantly higher than that in the CyA-treated group (p = 0.0283). On the other hand, incidences of steroid withdrawal syndrome and increases in serum creatinine concentration were not significantly different between
the Tac and CyA groups. Lymphocyte sensitivity to cortisol was higher in the Tac-treated patients than that in the CyA-treated ones. Since the cortisol sensitivity of peripheral lymphocytes is suggested to be a predictive marker for safe steroid withdrawal, Tac administration shows promise
in aiding successful withdrawal of steroid treatment in long-term renal transplant recipients.
The importance of translating original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell therapy and its application to human diseases to society has led to the formation of the journal Cell Medicine. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, the same rigorous peer review will be applied to articles published in Cell Medicine. Articles may deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, and stem cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers may also be featured if they have a translational interest. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Medicine will report on relevant technological advances and their potential for translational medicine. Cell Medicine will be a purely online Open Access journal. There will therefore be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow your work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle you to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of your manuscript.