Skip to main content

Open Access Hepatocyte Is a Sole Cell Type Responsible for the Production of Coagulation Factor IX In Vivo

Download Article:
 Download
(HTML 48.044921875 kb)
 
or
 Download
(PDF 821.419921875 kb)
 
Coagulation factor IX (FIX) is synthesized by hepatocytes, and the lack of this protein causes hemophilia B. Liver nonparenchymal cells, including liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) and extrahepatic cells in the body, are scarcely shown to have an ability to synthesize and secrete FIX. The present study investigated the existence of cells responsible for synthesizing FIX other than hepatocytes in mice using gene expression analyses and FIX-specific clotting assays. Among the several organs investigated, including liver, lung, spleen, kidney, brain, intestine, and tongue, FIX mRNA expressions were observed only in the liver. From the liver, hepatocytes and LSECs were isolated. FIX mRNA expression and FIX protein secretion were observed exclusively in the hepatocytes. Furthermore, the clotting activity of FIX secreted from the cultured hepatocytes was found to be dependent on the concentration of vitamin K2. These findings indicated that the hepatocyte is the only cell type that biochemically produces functional FIX in vivo. This highlights the importance of hepatocytes or cells that are fully differentiated toward the hepatic lineage for possible application for regenerative medicine and for targeting gene delivery to establish new cell-based treatments for hemophilia B.
No References for this article.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Factor IX; Hemophilia B; Hepatocyte; Nonparenchymal cell

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2012-01-01

More about this publication?
  • The importance of translating original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell therapy and its application to human diseases to society has led to the formation of the journal Cell Medicine. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, the same rigorous peer review will be applied to articles published in Cell Medicine. Articles may deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, and stem cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers may also be featured if they have a translational interest. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Medicine will report on relevant technological advances and their potential for translational medicine. Cell Medicine will be a purely online Open Access journal. There will therefore be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow your work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle you to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of your manuscript.

    Cell Medicine is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more