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Open Access Autografting of Renal Progenitor Cells Ameliorates Kidney Damage in Experimental Model of Pyelonephritis

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Abstract:

Current therapies for pyelonephritic renal damage have severe limitations; stem cells may offer an exciting potential in regenerating nephrology. We aimed to investigate the feasibility of direct intrarenal injection of autologous renal progenitor cells (RPCs; originated from epithelial cells in Bowman's capsule) in chronic pyelonephritis rat model. Twenty-seven rats were divided into three groups. The control group (GI, n = 3) underwent sham subcapsular injection of isotonic saline. Pyelonephritis was induced in the right kidney of the remaining 24 rats and isotonic saline (GII, n = 12) or labeled autologous RPCs, obtained from a biopsy of left kidney (GIII, n = 12), were injected into the subcapsular space 6 weeks later. At 7, 14, 28, and 60 days, dimercaptosuccinic acid scan was performed in three animals of each group at every interval and subsequently renal sections were obtained for the evaluation of tubular and glomerular regeneration and proliferation. Cell transplantation resulted in the reduction of tubular and glomerular atrophy after 2 weeks. The transplanted cells were observed in the reconstructed region of the kidneys as evidenced by the presence of fluorescently labeled cells both in tubules and glomeruli. We also observed significant decrease in interstitial fibrosis in the fourth week and there were higher amount of Ki-67-positive cells in GIII. Notably, the right renal tissue integrity was significantly improved in this group and revealed normal cortical function on day 60. Transplanting RPCs showed the potential for partial augmentation of kidney structure and function in pyelonephritis. Cellular repair was seen predominantly in the proximal tubule, the major site of injury in pyelonephritis. Our findings may pave the way toward the future regeneration of renal scarring of pyelonephritis in children.

Keywords: Pyelonephritis; Renal stem cell; Transplantation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/215517910X551044

Publication date: January 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • The importance of translating original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell therapy and its application to human diseases to society has led to the formation of the journal Cell Medicine. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, the same rigorous peer review will be applied to articles published in Cell Medicine. Articles may deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, and stem cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers may also be featured if they have a translational interest. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Medicine will report on relevant technological advances and their potential for translational medicine. Cell Medicine will be a purely online Open Access journal. There will therefore be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow your work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle you to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of your manuscript.
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