Effects of Quantum Dot Labeling on Endothelial Progenitor Cell Function and Viability
Abstract:Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) play an important role in repairing damaged endothelium. An effective imaging method for in vivo tracking of EPCs is essential for understanding EPC-based cell therapy. Fluorescent quantum dots (QDs) have attractive optical characteristics such as extreme brightness and photostability. QDs are currently being investigated as probes for stem cell labeling; however, there is concern about whether QDs can be used safely. We investigated whether quantum dot (QD) labeling would influence EPC viability and function. Rat bone marrow-derived EPCs were cultured and characterized. The cells were labeled with near-infrared-emitting, carboxyl-coated QDs (8 nM) for 24 h. QD labeling efficiency was higher than 97%. Using WST-1 assay, we showed that the viability of the QD-labeled EPCs was not different from that of the control EPCs. Moreover, QD labeling did not influence the ability of EPCs to form capillary tubes on Matrigel and to migrate. The percentage of QD-positive cells decreased with time, probably due to the rapid division of EPCs. These data suggest that the carboxyl-coated QD705 can be useful for labeling EPCs without interrupting their viability and functions.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-02-01
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