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Social Displays of the Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla

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Precise descriptions and interpretations are given for six important displays of the Kittiwake. The social significance of one display (Head-shaking) is revised. Three new displays (Head Vibrating, Trembling-choking and Pre-departure display) are described and their functions identified. The newly described displays play prominent roles in the breeding biology of this species. This is of particular importance in the understanding of social interactions. The wide variety of form of the displays probably reveals a great complexity of behavioural messages. Social communication integrates all these subtle differences.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 1990-12-01

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