Skip to main content

Illitization of Kaolinite: The Effect of Pressure on the Reaction Rate

Buy Article:

$20.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Studies of the paragenesis of authigenic illite in arkosic sandstones of various regions and ages have revealed that the illitization of kaolinite is an important reaction accounting for the formation of authigenic illite in sandstones during burial diagenesis. The illitization of kaolinite takes place at an intermediate burial depth of 3–4 km, where pressure can reach values of 100 MPa (≈ 1000 bars). The purpose of the present study was to analyze the effect of pressure on the rate of kaolinite illitization in alkaline conditions. Hydrothermal reactions were conducted on KGa-1b kaolinite in KOH solution at 300°C and under pressures of 500, 1000, and 3000 bars for 1 to 24 h. The visual examination of the X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns indicated a notable influence of pressure on the reaction rate. Molar percentages of muscovite/illite formed at each time interval were calculated from the analysis of two diagnostic XRD peaks, representing the 060 reflections of kaolinite and muscovite/illite. The data were modeled to obtain the initial rate of conversion at each pressure. The results indicated that the initial rate of kaolinite to muscovite/illite conversion is one order of magnitude greater at 3000 bars than at 500 or 1000 bars. Comparison of these data with those in the literature show a faster conversion rate (several orders of magnitude) in an initially high-alkaline solution than in a near-neutral solution.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Keywords: HYDROTHERMAL REACTION; KAOLINITE; KOH; MUSCOVITE/ILLITE; PRESSURE; REACTION RATE; XRD

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2010-12-01

More about this publication?
  • The JOURNAL publishes articles of interest to the international community of clay scientists, including but not limited to areas in mineralogy, crystallography, geology, geochemistry, sedimentology, soil science, agronomy, physical chemistry, colloid chemistry, ceramics, petroleum engineering, foundry engineering, and soil mechanics. Clays and Clay Minerals exists to disseminate to its worldwide readership the most recent developments in all of these aspects of clay materials. Manuscripts are welcome from all countries.

    Clays and Clay Minerals is the official publication of The Clay Minerals Society.

    The Editor-in-Chief is Professor Joseph W. Stucki [email protected]

    Publications of The Clay Minerals Society
    Source Clays

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Membership Information
  • Annual Meeting of The Clay Minerals Society
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
UA-1313315-24
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more