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Magnetic Titanium-Pillared Clays (Ti-M-PILC): Magnetic Studies and Mössbauer Spectroscopy

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Abstract:

Pillared clays (PILCs) with magnetic properties are materials with potential for wide application in industry and the environment, but only a few studies of these types of materials have been carried out. The purpose of this study was to advance knowledge of the preparation and magnetic properties of pillared clays by examining in detail a series of magnetic Ti-pillared clays (Ti-M-PILCs). Samples were synthesized at ambient temperature by sodium borohydride reduction of ferrous ions added by ion-exchange to Ti-pillared montmorillonite (Ti-PILCs). The properties of the Ti-M-PILCs were investigated using a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Hysteresis, zero-field-cooled (ZFC), and field-cooled (FC) regimes were measured on different precursor materials prepared by calcination of Ti-PILCs at temperatures between 200 and 600°C. Hysteresis loops, recorded between –7 and 7 T in the temperature range 200–300 K, were observed in most samples depending on the preparation of clays. The ZFC/FC measurements were made after heating from 2 to 300 Kunder an applied magnetic field of 39.8 kA m–1. The influence of the calcination temperature of the starting Ti-PILCs on the structural and magnetic properties of the Ti-M-PILCs was examined. The presence of two different Fe-alloy distributions was found; a dispersed one for the less-calcined Ti-PILCs and clusters for the more-calcined ones.

Keywords: MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MONTMORILLONITE; MÖSSBAUER SPECTROSCOPY; TITANIUM MAGNETIC PILLARED CLAYS; ZFC/FC

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1346/CCMN.2009.0570404

Publication date: 2009-08-01

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  • The JOURNAL publishes articles of interest to the international community of clay scientists, including but not limited to areas in mineralogy, crystallography, geology, geochemistry, sedimentology, soil science, agronomy, physical chemistry, colloid chemistry, ceramics, petroleum engineering, foundry engineering, and soil mechanics. Clays and Clay Minerals exists to disseminate to its worldwide readership the most recent developments in all of these aspects of clay materials. Manuscripts are welcome from all countries.

    Clays and Clay Minerals is the official publication of The Clay Minerals Society.

    The Editor-in-Chief is Professor Joseph W. Stucki jstucki@illinois.edu

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