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Change of the refractive index of illite particles by reduction of the Fe content of the octahedral sheet

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Sub-micrometer clay particles are of interest in clay-polymer applications, especially when transparency is important. The scattering of light can be reduced by the adjustment of the refractive index (RI) of the clays to that of the matrix. In this study, the RI of sub-micrometer illite particles was changed by treatment with 5 M HCl for treatment times ranging between 2 and 24 h. The dissolution of Fe leads to a decrease in the RI of illite from 1.587 for the unaltered material to 1.502 after 24 h. The layer structure of the illite particles was preserved during the treatment. The RI of the sub-micrometer illite particles was determined by means of a photospectrometer measuring the light intensity passing through suspensions containing the clay particles, with varying refractive indices.
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Keywords: CLAY; LAYER SILICATES; NANOCOMPOSITES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; REFRACTIVE INDEX; SMALL PARTICLES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-10-01

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  • The JOURNAL publishes articles of interest to the international community of clay scientists, including but not limited to areas in mineralogy, crystallography, geology, geochemistry, sedimentology, soil science, agronomy, physical chemistry, colloid chemistry, ceramics, petroleum engineering, foundry engineering, and soil mechanics. Clays and Clay Minerals exists to disseminate to its worldwide readership the most recent developments in all of these aspects of clay materials. Manuscripts are welcome from all countries.

    Clays and Clay Minerals is the official publication of The Clay Minerals Society.

    The Editor-in-Chief is Professor Joseph W. Stucki [email protected]

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