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Mechanism of adsorption of water vapor by muscovite: a model based on adsorption calorimetry

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Abstract:

Adsorption isotherms and differential heats of adsorption of water vapor by muscovite were measured at 303 K. The heats of adsorption are stepwise and each step corresponds to the stoichiometric formation of adsorption complexes of H2O molecules with K+ ions, (H2O)n/K+, (n = 1–6), which are located on the basal and lateral (edge) faces. At saturation, the ditrigonal cavities of the basal faces are fully occupied by hexameric clusters. It is suggested that half of the K+ ions on the basal faces come from neighboring layers by migration under the influence of the adsorbed H2O at the initial stage of adsorption. Similar migration of K+ to the edges was also hypothesized, suggesting that only every second site can be occupied by a cluster. At the final stage of adsorption, H2O molecules are believed to form H-bonded bridges between the hexameric water/cation clusters on the basal faces, whereas on the edge faces no such effect is believed to occur. The mean molar integral adsorption entropy of water is ∼−7 J/mol K less than the molar entropy of the bulk liquid. The mobility of H2O on muscovite is slightly less than in bulk water. Migration of K+ cations under the influence of adsorbed H2O both on the basal and lateral faces of muscovite is reversible.

Keywords: HEATS OF ADSORPTION; ISOTHERM; MUSCOVITE; POTASSIUM ION; WATER VAPOR

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1346/CCMN.2006.0540311

Publication date: 2006-06-01

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  • The JOURNAL publishes articles of interest to the international community of clay scientists, including but not limited to areas in mineralogy, crystallography, geology, geochemistry, sedimentology, soil science, agronomy, physical chemistry, colloid chemistry, ceramics, petroleum engineering, foundry engineering, and soil mechanics. Clays and Clay Minerals exists to disseminate to its worldwide readership the most recent developments in all of these aspects of clay materials. Manuscripts are welcome from all countries.

    Clays and Clay Minerals is the official publication of The Clay Minerals Society.

    The Editor-in-Chief is Professor Joseph W. Stucki jstucki@illinois.edu

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