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Effect of acid treatment and alkali treatment on nanopore properties of selected minerals

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Bentonite, biotite, illite, kaolin, muscovite, vermiculite and zeolite were acidified or alkalized with HCl or NaOH of concentrations 0.0, 0.1, 1.0 and 5.0 mole dm−3 at room temperature for 2 weeks and converted into Ca homoionic forms. Low-temperature nitrogen and room-temperature water-vapor adsorption-desorption isotherms were used to characterize the mineral pores of radii between 1 and 30 nm. Nanopore volumes, size distributions, average radii and fractal dimensions were calculated. Values calculated from the nitrogen isotherms differed from those derived from water-vapor data. With an increase of the acid-treatment concentration, the pore volumes measured using both adsorption techniques increased markedly for all minerals. The pore radii measured from nitrogen isotherms appeared to decrease for all minerals except zeolite, while the pore radius calculated from water-vapor data increased in most cases. The fractal dimension measured from water vapor isotherms decreased in all cases indicating smoothing of the mineral surfaces and decrease in pore complexity. No well defined trends in any of the pore parameters listed above were noted under alkaline treatment. In the reaction of each mineral with acid and alkali treatments, the individual character of the mineral and the presence of impurities seems important.
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Keywords: ACIDIFICATION; ALKALIZATION; DESORPTION ISOTHERMS; FRACTAL DIMENSION; MINERALS; NANOPORES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2006-04-01

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  • The JOURNAL publishes articles of interest to the international community of clay scientists, including but not limited to areas in mineralogy, crystallography, geology, geochemistry, sedimentology, soil science, agronomy, physical chemistry, colloid chemistry, ceramics, petroleum engineering, foundry engineering, and soil mechanics. Clays and Clay Minerals exists to disseminate to its worldwide readership the most recent developments in all of these aspects of clay materials. Manuscripts are welcome from all countries.

    Clays and Clay Minerals is the official publication of The Clay Minerals Society.

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