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The intercalation of europium ions (Eu3+) into the interlayer space of a layered silicate, magadiite, was conducted by ion-exchange reactions between magadiite and europium(III) chloride. X-ray diffraction and elemental analysis results indicated that Eu3+ cations were intercalated into the interlayer space of magadiite. The ion exchange between Eu3+ and Na+ occurred preferentially so that the adsorbed Eu3+ amounts were controlled quantitatively. Thermal transformation of the original layered structure was suppressed by the intercalation of Eu3+. The resulting intercalation compounds exhibited photoluminescence arising from the intercalated Eu3+. The luminescence intensity varied in accordance with the amount of Eu3+ absorbed, suggesting that the self-quenching occurred at higher loading levels. The luminescence intensity was also changed by the heat treatment, corresponding to the change in the surroundings of the Eu3+ adsorbed, induced by the removal of the adsorbed water molecules and the hydroxyl groups of the

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2002-12-01

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  • The JOURNAL publishes articles of interest to the international community of clay scientists, including but not limited to areas in mineralogy, crystallography, geology, geochemistry, sedimentology, soil science, agronomy, physical chemistry, colloid chemistry, ceramics, petroleum engineering, foundry engineering, and soil mechanics. Clays and Clay Minerals exists to disseminate to its worldwide readership the most recent developments in all of these aspects of clay materials. Manuscripts are welcome from all countries.

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