Site Occupancies by Iron in Nontronites
Authors: Gates, W. P.; Slade, P. G.; Manceau, A.; Lanson, B.
Source: Clays and Clay Minerals, Volume 50, Number 2, 1 April 2002 , pp. 223-239(17)
Publisher: The Clay Minerals Society
Abstract:- Twelve nontronites and two ferruginous smectites have been characterized with respect to Fe3+ occupancy of tetrahedral sites. The techniques used were near infrared, Fe-K X-ray absorption near-edge and X-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopies, along with two X-ray diffraction techniques. The results show that calculations of the structural formulae of many nontronites should be adjusted to include Fe3+ in tetrahedral sites. The nontronite from Spokane County, Washington, (~44% Fe2O3) is essentially an end-member with its non-siliceous tetrahedral sites occupied by Fe3+. Samples with chemical compositions similar to Garfield nontronite (~36.5% Fe2O3) may have small amounts (<5% of total Fe3+) of tetrahedral Fe3+. Tetrahedral Fe3+ is unlikely to be present in samples containing less than ~34% Fe2O3.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2002
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