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Role of Iron Oxid the Phosphate Adsorption Properties of Kaolinites from the Ivory Coast

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Abstract:

The phosphate adsorption properties of three clay samples, with kaolinite as the dominant mineral, from different deposits in the Ivory Coast have been investigated. The clays contain varying amounts of crystalline Fe oxides and kaolinite with structural Fe. All measurements were made in dilute suspension under controlled conditions of temperature, pH, ionic strength and saturating cation. Data have been fitted to Langmuir adsorption isotherms. Both P adsorption and surface area measurements have been made on samples before and after chemical removal of Fe oxides. The samples have large P adsorption capacities, which are not entirely explained by their large specific surface areas. The presence of Fe oxides makes a strong contribution to the surface area and enhances the adsorption capacities. There is little evidence that structural Fe makes a strong contribution to the enhanced P adsorption capacity.

Keywords: -ADSORPTION; FE OXIDE; GOETHITE; HEMATITE; KAOLINITE; LANGMUIR; PHOSPHATE.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1346/000986002760832810

Publication date: April 1, 2002

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  • The JOURNAL publishes articles of interest to the international community of clay scientists, including but not limited to areas in mineralogy, crystallography, geology, geochemistry, sedimentology, soil science, agronomy, physical chemistry, colloid chemistry, ceramics, petroleum engineering, foundry engineering, and soil mechanics. Clays and Clay Minerals exists to disseminate to its worldwide readership the most recent developments in all of these aspects of clay materials. Manuscripts are welcome from all countries.

    Clays and Clay Minerals is the official publication of The Clay Minerals Society.

    The Editor-in-Chief is Professor Joseph W. Stucki jstucki@illinois.edu

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