Modeling Dynamic Polygon Objects in Space and Time: A New Graph-based Technique
Authors: Wilcox, David J.; Harwell, Matthew C.; Orth, Robert J.
Source: Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 1 April 2000, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 153-164(12)
Abstract:The analysis of dynamic spatial systems requires an explicit spatio-temporal data model and spatio-temporal analysis tools. Event-based models have been developed to analyze discrete change in continuous and feature-based spatial data. In this paper, a spatio-temporal graph model is described that supports the analysis of continuous change in feature-based polygon spatial data. The spatio-temporal graph edges, called temporal links, track changes in polygon topology through space and time. The model also introduces the concept of a spatial-interaction region that extends a model's focus beyond short-term local events to encompass long-term regional events. The structure of the spatio-temporal graph is used to classify these events into five types of local polygon events and two types of spatial-interaction region events. To illustrate its utility, the model is applied to the ecological question of how patch size influences longevity in underwater plant communities in Chesapeake Bay, USA. Both a short-term local analysis and a longer-term regional analysis showed that patches of plants, or groups of patches, larger than one to two hectares in size were more likely to persist than smaller patches or groups of patches. Overall, the spatio-temporal graph model approach appears applicable to a variety of spatio-temporal questions.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2000