Applications of a Cartographic Communication Model to Tactual Map Design

Author: Andrews, Sona Karentz

Source: Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 1 April 1988, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 183-195(13)


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Cartographic communication models provide a framework for mapping decisions. The models help the cartographer formulate ideas on map content, symbol choice, design and message. They also stress the importance of effectively transmitting the map message based on knowledge of the map recipient's characteristics. This paper presents a practical application of the theory outlined in a communication model. It does so by examining the mapping decisions required in communicating geographic information in tactual form to visually impaired persons. The tactual map reader, map reading process, symbols, lettering, content, design and production methods are discussed in the context of the model. Some suggestions are offered for introducing these topics in the classroom.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: April 1, 1988

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