Interpolation of Point Values From Isoline Maps
Authors: Legates, David R.; Willmott, Cort J.
Source: Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 1 October 1986, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 308-323(16)
Abstract:A Bidirectional Hermitian Spline (BHS) method for the estimation of point values from isoline maps is presented and compared to three other methods. Hermitian splines are used and first derivatives are estimated by either Akima's method or by a clamped cubic spline, if Akima's method returns a zero first derivative. Every desired point value is interpolated twice, once by each of two orthogonally-directed splines. The two spline estimates are then averaged using the error formula for Hermitian splines. In addition, a periodic Hermitian spline is constructed around the study-area perimeter (representing a cross-sectional profile of the edge) to damp undesirable edge effects. Point values can be estimated from small-scale isoline maps drawn in spherical coordinates or from large-scale isoline maps drawn in Cartesian coordinates.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 1986