Effects of the relative time of emergence and the density of common lambsquarters (
Common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) is one of the world's worst weeds. In order to study the competitive potential of single‐cross 704 corn (Zea mays) in competition with common lambsquarters at different relative times of emergence and density levels of the weed, an experiment was conducted in 2006 at the farm of the Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran. This experiment was designed as a split plot based on a randomized complete block design with three replications. The emergence time of the weed was considered at three levels (7 days and 14 days earlier than corn and simultaneously with corn) as the main plot, while the density of the weed was considered at six levels (0, 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 plants per m2) as the subplot. The results showed a decrease in the grain yield and biomass of corn, as the emergence time of corn was delayed in comparison with the weed in a way that the maximum reduction was observed at the earlier emergence of the weed, compared to corn, and also at a high density of the weed. As the weed emerged earlier than corn, the rate of yield loss resulting from the first flush of weeds was not that high. However, with every few days that the weed emerged earlier than corn, the rate of yield loss became higher as the density of the weed increased to its maximum. The maximum reduction in the yield components was observed at 14 days earlier emergence of the weed, compared to corn, and at high densities, as the corn plants were overshadowed by the weed canopy and no ear was produced.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Publication date: 01 September 2011