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Meniscal Release in Cruciate Ligament Intact Stifles Causes Lameness and Medial Compartment Cartilage Pathology in Dogs 12 Weeks Postoperatively

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Objective

To evaluate after 12 weeks the effects of caudal medial meniscal release (MR) in the cranial cruciate ligament-intact canine stifle. Study Design

Blinded, prospective in vivo study. Animals

Purpose-bred hound dogs (n=10). Methods

Either MR (n=5) or a sham (SH) surgery (n=5) was performed via arthroscopy. Orthopedic examination and subjective lameness evaluation were performed in each dog preoperatively and at 4, 8, and 12 weeks after surgery. Twelve weeks postoperatively, ultrasonographic, radiographic, and arthroscopic examinations were performed on the operated stifles. Gross pathology of the articular cartilage, cruciate ligaments, and menisci was assessed. India ink staining of the femoral and tibial articular surfaces was performed to determine the percent area of articular cartilage damage. Results

At 8 and 12 weeks after surgery, MR dogs were lamer than SH dogs. At 12 weeks, the degree of radiographic OA was significantly higher in MR stifles than in SH stifles. Gross and sonographic meniscal pathology was more severe in MR stifles compared with SH stifles. MR stifles had significantly more severe articular cartilage pathology compared with SH stifles 12 weeks after surgery; pathology was most severe in the medial compartment. Conclusions

MR alone is associated with articular cartilage loss, further meniscal pathology, degenerative joint disease, and lameness. Clinical Relevance

Subsequent osteoarthritis and dysfunction of the stifle joint should be considered when making clinical decisions regarding MR in dogs.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO

Publication date: 2009-06-01

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