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Biomechanical Comparison of Cortical Radial Graft versus Ulnar Transposition Graft Limb-Sparing Techniques for the Distal Radial Site in Dogs

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Abstract:

Objective

To compare the biomechanical properties of radial graft (RG) versus ulnar transposition graft (UTG) limb-sparing techniques in the dog. Study design

Cadaveric study. Animals

Six pairs of normal canine thoracic limbs. Methods

In each pair of limbs, 1 limb was subjected to the RG technique and the other to the UTG technique. Limbs were tested in axial loading until failure. Modes of failure and biomechanical properties were compared between the 2 groups. Percent coverage of the metacarpal bone by the plate was retrospectively compared between the limbs that failed by fracture of the metacarpal bones and those that did not. Results

RG limbs had significantly greater stiffness, yield load, maximum load, maximum energy, and post-yield energy. All UTG limbs failed by cranial bending of the plate. Half of the RG limbs failed by caudal bending of the plate and half by fracture of the third metacarpal bone at the distal end of the plate. Limbs with <80% plate coverage of the metacarpal bone were significantly more likely to fail by metacarpal fracture. Conclusions

The RG technique was biomechanically superior to the UTG technique under the conditions studied. At least 80% plate coverage of the metacarpal bone should be achieved. Clinical Relevance

Exercise restriction and coaptation bandages should be considered for patients undergoing the UTG technique to minimize potential biomechanical complications.

Keywords: bone graft; dog; limb sparing; radius; ulna

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2004.04044.x

Publication date: 2004-07-01

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