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Elution of Metronidazole and Gentamicin from Polymethylmethacrylate Beads

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To characterize the elution and bioactivity of metronidazole and gentamicin sulfate polymerized, individually and in combination, with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). Study Design

In vitro experimental study. Methods

PMMA beads containing metronidazole (3 concentrations), gentamicin sulfate, or metronidazole and gentamicin sulfate were immersed in 5 mL of phosphate-buffered saline in triplicate. Eluent was replaced at specified time intervals for 1 or 21 days, and antibiotic concentrations were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Changes in antibiotic bioactivity attributable to polymerization or copolymerization of the antibiotics with PMMA, ethylene oxide sterilization, and storage of AIPMMA beads containing metronidazole were evaluated. Results

Antibiotic elution patterns were similar for all groups. Day 1 elution for groups containing metronidazole or gentamicin individually represented a mean 63%-66% and 79%, respectively, of the 21-day total. Approximately 50% of the day 1 elution occurred during the first hour. The elution of metronidazole was dose dependent. The elution of metronidazole (day 3–21) and gentamicin (all days) was significantly greater when metronidazole and gentamicin were combined ( P < .05 ). The addition of metronidazole delayed polymerization of PMMA. Neither polymerization nor copolymerization of metronidazole and gentamicin with PMMA, gas sterilization, or 2-month storage of beads containing metronidazole significantly affected antimicrobial bioactivity. Conclusions

Metronidazole elution from PMMA was dose dependent. Copolymerization of metronidazole and gentamicin sulfate in PMMA resulted in increased rates of elution. Intraoperative preparation of metronidazole-impregnated PMMA beads is not practical, but sterilization and storage for 2 months should not affect efficacy. Clinical Relevance

The local delivery of biologically active metronidazole and gentamicin by elution from PMMA is feasible.

©Copyright 2003 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: From the Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences; and Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA.

Publication date: 01 May 2003

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