Evidence-based veterinary dermatology: a systematic review of interventions for Malassezia dermatitis in dogs
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the efficacy of antifungal treatments for Malassezia dermatitis in dogs and, when possible, to propose recommendation for or against their use.
Electronic searches were carried out using PubMed MEDLINE®, CABDirect and CONSULTANT database. The volumes of Advances in Veterinary Dermatology, the proceedings of ESVD/ECVD and AAVD/ACVD congresses were hand-searched for studies relevant to this review. All articles and book chapters discussing treatment of Malassezia dermatitis were scanned for additional citations. Lastly, a request was sent to the Vetderm Listserv to share recent clinical trials. The analysis evaluated study design, methodology quality, subject enrolment quality, type of interventions and outcome measures.
The searches identified 35 articles, and 14 trials that fulfilled the following selection criteria: (i) in vivo clinical trials, (ii) dogs showing clinical lesions of Malassezia dermatitis and (iii) enrolment of at least five dogs. Among these, only eight studies fulfilled the following additional criterion: (iv) prospective in vivo clinical trials reporting clinical and mycological outcome measures. A total number of 14 different treatment protocols included four blinded, randomized and controlled trials (quality of evidence grade A), four controlled studies lacking blinding and/or randomization (grade B), five open uncontrolled trials (grade C) and one descriptive study (grade D).
This systematic review allowed us to recommend, with good evidence, the use of only one topical treatment of Malassezia dermatitis (2% miconazole nitrate +2% chlorhexidine, twice a week for 3 weeks) and with fair evidence the use of two systemic treatments with azole derivatives (ketoconazole, 10 mg kg−1 day−1 and itraconazole, 5 mg kg−1 day−1 for 3 weeks).
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Veterinary Clinic, 7 rue de l’Hôtel de Ville, le Châtelet-en-Brie, France 2: Veterinary Dermatology Referral Service, Veterinary Clinic, Paris and Cesson-Sévigné, Veterinary Hospital, Nantes, France 3: Department of Parasitology and Mycology, UMR INRA, AFSSA, ENVA BIPAR, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d’Alfort, Maisons-Alfort, France
Publication date: 2009-02-01