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Impact of genetic polymorphisms on tacrolimus pharmacokinetics and the clinical outcome of renal transplantation

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We retrospectively examined the association of polymorphisms in the CYP3A, CYP2J2, CYP2C8, and ABCB1 genes with pharmacokinetic (PKs) and pharmacodynamic (PDs) parameters of tacrolimus in 103 renal transplant recipients for a period of 1 year. CYP3A5 expressers had lower predose concentrations (C 0)/dose and higher dose requirements than nonexpressers throughout the study. Among CYP3A5*1 carriers, those also carrying the CYP3A4*1B allele showed the lowest C 0/dose, as compared with CYP3A4*1/CYP3A5*3 carriers (54.28 ± 26.45, 59.12 ± 24.00, 62.43 ± 41.12, and 57.01 ± 17.34 vs. 112.37 ± 76.60, 123.21 ± 59.57, 163.34 ± 76.23, and 183.07 ± 107.82 at 1 week, 1 month, 5 months, and 1 year after transplantation). In addition, CYP3A4*1B/CYP3A5*1 carriers showed significantly lower dose‐corrected exposure than CYP3A4*1/CYP3A5*1 carriers 1 year after transplantation (57.01 ± 17.34 vs. 100.09 ± 24.78; P = 0.016). Only the ABCB1 TGC (3435‐2677‐1236) haplotype showed a consistent association with PDs (nephrotoxicity; OR = 4.73; CI: 1.3–16.7; P = 0.02). Our findings indicate that the CYP3A4*1B‐CYP3A5*1 haplotype may have a more profound impact in tacrolimus PKs than the CYP3A5*1 allele. This study does not support a critical role of the CYP450 or ABCB1 single nucleotide polymorphisms in the occurrence of toxicity or acute rejection in renal transplant recipients treated with tacrolimus.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1:  Department of Medical and Surgical Therapeutics, Medical School, University of Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain 2:  Service of Nephrology, Infanta Cristina Hospital, Badajoz, Spain

Publication date: April 1, 2012


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