The C-terminal HDEL sequence is sufficient for retention of secretory proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) but promotes vacuolar targeting of proteins that escape the ER
Source: The Plant Journal, Volume 11, Number 2, February 1997 , pp. 313-325(13)
Abstract:Proteins are co-translationally transferred into the endo-plasmic reticulum (ER) and then either retained or transported to different intracellular compartments or to the extracellular space. Various molecular signals necessary for retention in the ER or targeting to different compartments have been identified. In particular, the HDEL and KDEL signals used for retention of proteins in yeast and animal ER have also been described at the C-terminal end of soluble ER processing enzymes in plants. The fusion of a KDEL extension to vacuolar proteins is sufficient for their retention in the ER of transgenic plant cells. However, recent results obtained using the same strategy indicate that HDEL does not contain sufficient information for full retention of phaseolin expressed in tobacco. In the present study, an HDEL C-terminal extension was fused to the vacuolar or extracellular (Δpro) forms of sporamin. The resulting SpoHDEL or ΔproHDEL, as well as Spo and Δpro, were expressed at high levels in transgenic tobacco cells (Nicotiana tabacum cv BY2). The intracellular location of these different forms of recombinant sporamin was studied by subcellular fractionation. The results clearly indicate that addition of an HDEL extension to either Spo or Δpro induces accumulation of these sporamin forms in a compartment that co-purifies with the ER markers NADH cytochrome C reductase, binding protein (BiP) and calnexin. In addition, a significant SpoHDEL or ΔproHDEL fraction that escapes the ER retention machinery is transported to the vacuole. From these results, it may be proposed that, in addition to its function as an ER retention signal, HDEL could also act in quality control by targeting chaperones or chaperone-bound proteins that escape the ER to the plant lysosomal compartment for degradation.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: LTI-CNRS URA 203, UFR des Sciences, IFRMP 23, Université de Rouen, 76821 Mt St Aignan Cedex, France 2: Institut des Sciences Végétales, CNRS UPR 40, 91198 Gif/Yvette Cedex, France 3: School of Biological and Molecular Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Headington, Oxford OX3 0BP, UK
Publication date: 1997-02-01