Review: Addressing the challenge of neonatal mortality
Reducing neonatal mortality remains a challenge with an estimated 3.0 million neonatal deaths in 2011, three‐quarters of these in sub‐Saharan Africa and Southern Asia. The leading causes of neonatal death globally are complications of preterm birth, intrapartum‐related causes and infections. While post‐neonatal, under‐5 deaths fell by 47% between 1990 and 2011, neonatal deaths only fell by 32% and they now account for 43% of all under‐5 child deaths. This article reviews the progress in reducing neonatal deaths in high‐burden countries and presents an overview of known effective interventions to reduce neonatal mortality and the challenges faced in implementing these in high‐burden settings. Effective action is possible to reduce neonatal mortality, but innovative approaches to implementation will be required if these preventable deaths are to be avoided.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2013