Skip to main content

Free Content Gender differences in experiences of ART services in South Africa: a mixed methods study

Download Article:

You have access to the full text article on a website external to Ingenta Connect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library

Abstract

Objectives  A mixed methods study exploring gender differences in patient profiles and experiences of ART services, along the access dimensions of availability, affordability and acceptability, in two rural and two urban areas of South Africa.

Methods  Structured exit interviews (n = 1266) combined with in‐depth interviews (n = 20) of women and men enrolled in ART care.

Results  Men attending ART services were more likely to be employed (29%vs. 20%, P = 0.001) and were twice as likely to be married/co‐habiting as women (42%vs. 22%P = 0.001). Men had known their HIV status for a shorter time (mean 32 vs. 36 months, P = 0.021) and were also less likely to disclose their status to non‐family members (17%vs. 26%, P = 0.001). From both forms of data collection, a key finding was the role of female partners in providing social support and facilitating use of services by men. The converse was true for women who relied more on extended families and friends than on partners for support. Young, unmarried and unemployed men faced the greatest social isolation and difficulty. There were no major gender differences in the health system (supply side) dimensions of access.

Conclusions  Gender differences in experiences of HIV services relate more to social than health system factors. However, the health system could be more responsive by designing services in ways that enable earlier and easier use by men.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Language: English

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1:  School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa 2:  Health Economics Unit, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa 3:  University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa 4:  Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Publication date: 2012-07-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more