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Free Content Anaemia during pregnancy: impact on birth outcome and infant haemoglobin level during the first 18 months of life

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To determine the effect of maternal anaemia on pregnancy outcome and describe its impact on infant haemoglobin level in the first 18 months of life, we conducted a prospective study of 617 pregnant women and their children in Benin. Prevalence of maternal anaemia at delivery was 39.5%, and 61.1% of newborns were anaemic at birth. Maternal anaemia was not associated with low birth weight [OR = 1.2 (0.6–2.2)] or preterm birth [OR = 1.3 (0.7–2.4)], whereas the newborn’s anaemia was related to maternal anaemia [OR = 1.8 (1.2–2.5)]. There was no association between an infant’s haemoglobin level until 18 months and maternal anaemia. However, malaria attacks during follow‐up, male gender and sickle cell trait were all associated with a lower infant haemoglobin level until 18 months, whereas good infant feeding practices and a polygamous family were positively associated with a higher haemoglobin level during the first 18 months of life.
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Language: English

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2012-03-01

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