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Free Content Millennium development goals and the water target: details, definitions and debate

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Summary One of the primary targets of MDG 7, dealing with issues of environmental sustainability, is to halve by 2015 (from 1990 levels) the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. It is undoubtedly difficult to summarise a complex target such as access to water or safety of water source in a single quantifiable indicator. However, in our opinion, the indicators used to estimate how much of the population has ‘access’ to ‘safe’ drinking water leave out some important elements that should be taken into account when determining whether the goals have been met. In addition, the authors propose a modification to Bradley’s classification of water-related illness to include a category for waterborne diseases of a non-infectious aetiology.

French
Les Objectifs de Développement du Millénaire et la question de l’eau: détails, définitions et débat

L’une des principales cibles de l’ODM 7 qui traitent des questions de la durabilité environnementale est de réduire de moitié (par rapport à 1990) d’ici 2015, la proportion de la population sans accès durable à l’eau potable et à l’assainissement de base. Il est sans doute difficile de résumer une cible complexe, telle que l’accès à l’eau ou la sécurité des sources d’eau, en un seul indicateur quantifiable. Cependant, à notre avis, les indicateurs utilisés pour évaluer dans quelle mesure la population a “accès”à l’eau potable “sûre” laisser de côté certains éléments importants qui devraient être pris en compte pour déterminer si les objectifs ont été atteints.
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Keywords: Fuentes de agua; ODM; approvisionnement en eau; millennium development goals; water supply

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations:  London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK

Publication date: 2011-05-01

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