If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Free Content Household cost-of-illness of visceral leishmaniasis in Bihar, India

You have access to the full text article on a website external to ingentaconnect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library

Download Article:

Abstract:

Summary Objective 

To determine the cost of kala-azar (KA) to patients in Bihar, India. Method 

A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect costs of illness – direct (medical; non-medical) and indirect costs (work days lost). After screening the community known to be endemic for visceral leishmaniasis (VL), households (HHs) with VL were recruited which reported a case of KA who received treatment between September 2005 and September 2006. The total costs were calculated as a summation of individual costs category. Medians were estimated for the total and for each of the cost categories. Result 

Data from 171 HHs and 183 patients revealed that median age of patients with KA was 18; 59% were men; 33% were employed; household size was 7; household median monthly income was $38. The median total costs per patient were $127, equal to >3 months of income, of which medical care comprised $83 (provider fees $13, medicines $50, diagnostics $9, hospital stay $30); and food and transport comprised $33. Patients also lost almost 2 weeks of work time during illness and even after recovery. Conclusion 

Despite provision of free/subsidized medicines, diagnostics, and hospital stay at public and Non-Governmental Organization facilities, the impoverished HHs of Bihar with a case of KA incur high expenditures. Easier access to, and more use of free public health services, plus innovative health financing schemes, are urgently required.

Keywords: cost analysis; cost of illness; direct costs; economic evaluation; visceral leishmaniasis

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2010.02520.x

Affiliations: 1:  Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India 2:  Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium 3:  International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Publication date: July 1, 2010

Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more