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Free Content Population movement: a key factor in the epidemiology of neglected tropical diseases

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Summary This review provides an overview of the complex ways in which population movements are linked to spread and control of neglected tropical diseases – often exacerbated by insufficient medical services and sanitary infrastructure. A new typology of population movements is suggested which builds on previous work but offers a more comprehensive typology based on the variables of ‘onset’, ‘cause’, ‘direction’ and ‘motivation’. Schistosomiasis and leishmaniasis provide examples of the intricate ways in which population movements may play a role. A thorough and context-specific understanding of these patterns combined with the ability and will to launch targeted public health interventions is needed to achieve adequate control of neglected tropical diseases as well as other infectious diseases.

Les mouvements de population sont liés à la propagation et au contrôle des maladies tropicales négligées de façon complexe - souvent exacerbés par l’insuffisance de services médicaux et d’infrastructures sanitaires. Une nouvelle typologie des mouvements de population est suggérée, qui s’appuie sur les travaux précédents, mais propose une typologie plus détaillée fondée sur les variables telles que «apparition», «cause», «direction» et «motivation». La schistosomiase et la leishmaniose fournissent des exemples de la manière complexe dont les mouvements de population peuvent jouer un rôle. Une compréhension approfondie et spécifique du contexte de ces tendances, combinée à la capacité et à la volonté de lancer des interventions ciblées de santé publique est nécessaire pour atteindre un contrôle adéquat des maladies tropicales négligées, ainsi que d’autres maladies infectieuses.
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Keywords: enfermedades infecciosas; enfermedades tropicales olvidadas; esquistosomiasis; infectious diseases; leishmaniasis; leishmaniose; maladies infectieuses; maladies tropicales négligées; migración; migration; mouvements de population; movimientos poblacionales; neglected tropical diseases; population movements; schistosomiase; schistosomiasis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1:  Steno Health Promotion Center, Steno Diabetes Center, Gentofte, Denmark 2:  Neglected Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Publication date: 01 November 2010

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