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The effects of HIV/AIDS on rural communities in East Africa: a 20-year perspective

Authors: Seeley, Janet1; Dercon, Stefan2; Barnett, Tony3

Source: Tropical Medicine & International Health, Volume 15, Number 3, March 2010 , pp. 329-335(7)

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

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Abstract:

Summary Much of the research on implications of the HIV epidemic for individual households and broader rural economies in the 1980s and early 1990s predicted progressive declines in agricultural production, with dire consequences for rural livelihoods. Restudies in Tanzania and Uganda show that from 1986 to the present, HIV and AIDS have sometimes thrown households into disarray and poverty, but more often have reduced development. The progressive and systematic decline predicted in earlier work has not come to pass. However, poverty remains, as does endemic HIV disease.

French
La plupart des recherches sur les conséquences de l’épidémie du VIH pour les ménages individuels et en général pour les économies rurales dans les années 1980 et début 1990 prédisaient une réduction progressive de la production agricole, avec des conséquences désastreuses pour les populations rurales. De nouvelles études en Tanzanie et en Ouganda montrent que, de 1986 à nos jours, le VIH et le SIDA ont parfois précipité les ménages dans le désarroi et la pauvreté, mais ont plus souvent réduit le développement. La diminution progressive et systématique prévue dans les études précédentes n’était pas juste passagère. Toutefois, la pauvreté demeure de même que les maladies endémiques du VIH.

Keywords: HIV and AIDS; Ouganda; Tanzania; Tanzanie; Uganda; VIH et SIDA; VIH y SIDA; impact; impacto; rural societies; sociedades rurales; sociétés rurales

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2009.02458.x

Affiliations: 1:  School of International Development, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK 2:  Department of Economics, University of Oxford, UK 3:  London School of Economics and Political Science, UK

Publication date: March 1, 2010

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