Risk factors for SARS infection among hospital healthcare workers in Beijing: a case control study
To evaluate possible severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) infection associated risk factors in a SARS affected hospital in Beijing by means of a case control study. Methods
Fifty-one infected and 426 uninfected staff members were asked about risk behaviours and protective measures when attending to SARS patients. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the major risk and protective factors. Results
Multivariate analysis confirmed the strong role of performing chest compression (or intubation, which is highly correlated), contact with respiratory secretion, and emergency care experience as risk factors to acquire SARS infection. For the studied protective measures, wearing 16-layer cotton surgical mask, wearing 12-layer cotton surgical mask, wearing multiple layers of mask, taking prophylactic medicine, taking training and nose washing turned out to be protective against infection. Conclusions
This study highlighted activities associated with increased and decreased risk for SARS infection during close contact with SARS patients. These findings may help to guide recommendations for the protection of high-risk occupational groups.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, State Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Biosecurity, P.R. China 2: Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, The Netherlands 3: Department of Infectious Disease, Anhui Provincial Corps Hospital, Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces, Anhui, P.R. China 4: Institute of Remote Sensing Application, China Academy of Sciences, Beijing, P.R. China
Publication date: 2009-11-01