Free Content Correlates of HIV testing among women in Malawi: results from the 2006 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey

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Abstract:

Summary We report a study of women 15–49 years aimed at assessing correlates of HIV testing and having received test results in a nationally representative survey of women in Malawi. A total of 26 259 women were recruited into the study, of whom 3712 (14.1%) had ever been tested for HIV infection and received their results. We found that age and education were not significantly associated with HIV testing but marital status, wealth, region were. Contrary to our expectations that women who had delivered a child were more likely to have been ever tested when accessing prenatal and intra-partum care, we found that women who had delivered a child in the 2 years before the survey were less likely to have ever been tested. We suggest that by 2006 when the survey was conducted, prenatal and intra-partum care were not important avenues for HIV testing in Malawi.

French
Nous rapportons ici une étude sur des femmes de 15 à 49 ans visant àévaluer les corrélations dans le dépistage du VIH et ayant reçu les résultats du test, dans une enquête nationale représentative auprès des femmes au Malawi. 26 259 femmes ont été recrutées dans l’étude, dont 3712 (14,1%) n’avaient jamais été testées pour l’infection par le VIH et reçu leurs résultats. Nous avons constaté que l’âge et l’éducation n’étaient pas significativement associés au dépistage du VIH, mais l’état matrimonial, la richesse et la région l’étaient. Contrairement à nos attentes que les femmes qui avaient accouchées étaient plus susceptibles d’avoir été testées lors de l’accès aux soins prénataux et intra-partum, nous avons trouvé que les femmes qui avaient accouché au cours des deux années précédant l’enquête étaient moins susceptibles d’avoir été testées. Nous suggérons que jusqu’en 2006, lorsque l’enquête a été menée, les soins prénataux et intra-partum n’étaient pas des voies importantes pour le dépistage du VIH au Malawi.

Keywords: CDV; Enquête; HIV/AIDS; Malawi; VIH/SIDA; aconsejamiento voluntario y prueba; correlates of voluntary HIV counselling and testing; corrélations du CDV; estudio; survey; voluntary HIV counselling and testing

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2008.02155.x

Affiliations: 1:  Department of Community Medicine, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia 2:  Department of Community Health, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi 3:  Department of Global Health, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2008

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