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Free Content Low prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in young women attending a youth counselling service in Maputo, Mozambique

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Abstract:

Summary Objectives  To determine the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in a group of young women attending the Adolescent and Youth Friendly Service, in Maputo, Mozambique, and to evaluate their level of knowledge, practices and attitudes about STI. Methods  A total of 445 women voluntarily participated in the study and filled in a self-administered knowledge, practices and attitudes (KAP) questionnaire; 435 of them underwent a laboratory examination for vaginosis, candidiasis, trichomoniasis, gonorrhoea, chlamydiosis, syphilis and HIV infection. Results  Women had a high level of awareness and knowledge of STI and HIV. Candidiasis was the most prevalent reproductive tract infection (36%), followed by vaginosis (13%) and trichomoniasis (7.6%), and sexually transmitted diseases. HIV seroprevalence was 4%; 42% were negative in all tests. Conclusion  The low prevalence of STI and HIV may be related in part to the high level of awareness registered in the group.

French
Objectif: 

Déterminer la prévalence des infections sexuellement transmises dans un groupe de jeunes femmes fréquentant un service amical pour adolescents et jeunesse à Maputo au Mozambique et évaluer leur niveau de connaissance, les pratiques et attitudes au sujet de IST. Méthode: 

445 femmes ont volontairement participéà l’étude et ont complété un questionnaire auto administré de KAP. 435 d’entre elles ont subi un examen de laboratoire pour la vaginite, la candidose, la trichomoniase, la gonorrhée, la chlamydiose, la syphilis et l’infection par le VIH. Résultats: 

L’étude a indiqué que les femmes avaient un niveau de conscience et de connaissance élevé des IST et du VIH. La candidose était l’infection du tractus reproducteur la plus répandue (36%), suivie de la vaginite (13%) et de la trichomoniase (7,6%) sexuellement transmises. La séroprévalence pour le VIH était de 4%. 42% des femmes étaient négatives pour tous les tests. Conclusion: 

La faible prévalence des ITS et du VIH peut être liée au niveau élevé de conscience enregistrée dans ce groupe.

Keywords: ETS; IST; Mozambique; STI; aconsejamiento; conseil; counselling; jeunes femmes; mujeres jóvenes; young women

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2007.01972.x

Affiliations: 1:  Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University E. Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique 2:  Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine and Maputo Central Hospital, Ministry of Health, Maputo, Mozambique 3:  International Centre for Reproductive Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium 4:  Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy 5:  Department of Developmental and Cell Biology, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy

Publication date: January 1, 2008

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