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Free Content Taxonomy and inventory of the cytospecies and cytotypes of the Simulium damnosum complex (Diptera: Simuliidae) in relation to onchocerciasis

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Abstract:

Summary We provide an inventory of all named cytoforms of the complex (including those which are now considered invalid), along with all inversions that have been recorded (including synonyms and homonyms). There are 55 valid and distinct cytoforms known from the complex making it the largest sibling species complex of any vectors, and probably of any insect or other animal. All cytoforms are listed along with their fixed and diagnostic inversions and country distribution. There are 183 inversions known from the complex as a whole, of which 49% are fixed and/or diagnostic between cytoforms, and the fixed/diagnostic inversions seem to occur disproportionately on chromosome arm 2L.

French
Taxonomie et inventaire des cyto-espèces et des cyto-types du complexe Simulium damnosum (Diptera: Simuliidae) en rapport avec l’onchocercose

Nous fournissons ici un inventaire de tous les cyto-formes nomées du complexe Simulium damnosum (y compris celles qui sont maintenant considérées non valides), avec toutes les inversions qui ont été enregistrées (synonymes y et homonymes compris). Il y a 55 cyto-formes valides et distinctes connues du complexe Simulium damnosum le rendant ainsi le plus grand complexe d’espèces parentées de tous les vecteurs et probablement de n’importe quel autre insecte ou animal. Toutes les cyto-formes sont énumérées avec leurs inversions fixes et de diagnostic ainsi que leur distribution de pays. Il y a 183 inversions connues du complexe dans l’ensemble dont 49% fixes et/ou de diagnostic entre les cy-toformes, et les inversions fixes/de diagnostic semblent apparaître de façon disproportionnée sur le chromosome 2L.

Keywords: Africa; Simulium; Simulium damnosum; chromosomes; cytotaxonomy; inversions; onchocerciasis; onchocercose; oncocercosis; sibling species

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2007.01921.x

Affiliations: 1:  The Natural History Museum London and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK 2:  German Armed Forces Department for Tropical Medicine and Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Publication date: November 1, 2007

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