Skip to main content

Free Content Malaria control using indoor residual spraying and larvivorous fish: a case study in Betul, central India

Download Article:

You have access to the full text article on a website external to Ingenta Connect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library

Summary Objectives 

To assess the impact of intensified malaria control interventions in an ethnic minority community in Betul using existing tools. Methods 

Two rounds of indoor residual spraying with synthetic pyrethroid insecticide were applied and larvivorous fish introduced, followed by intensive surveillance for early detection of Plasmodium falciparum with rapid diagnostic tests and prompt treatment with sulphadoxine pyrimethamine. Results 

Pre-intervention surveys revealed a very high fever rate in the community in all age groups with a slide positivity rate of >50% with >90%P. falciparum. The post-intervention phase showed a sharp steady decline in number of malaria cases (β 0.972; P < 0.0001, 95% CI 0.35–0.47). Monitoring of entomological results revealed a significant decline in both Anopheles species and An. culicifacies (P < 0.0001). Conclusion 

A combination of indoor residual spraying and early detection and prompt treatment complemented by rapid diagnostic tests and larvivorous fishes successfully brought malaria under control. These approaches could be applied in other regions of different endemicity to control malaria in India.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Anopheles culicifacies; Plasmodium falciparum; forest; malaria; tribal; vector

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1:  Malaria Research Centre Field Station, Jabalpur, India 2:  Directorate of Health Services, Government of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal, India 3:  Malaria Research Centre, Delhi, India

Publication date: 2006-10-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more