Skip to main content

Free Content Severe malaria in children in areas with low, moderate and high transmission intensity in Uganda

Download Article:

You have access to the full text article on a website external to ingentaconnect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library

Abstract:

Summary Objectives 

Age and transmission intensity are known to influence the manifestations of severe falciparum malaria in African children. However, it is unclear how specific clinical features such as seizures, impairment of consciousness, or respiratory distress vary with the parasite load and transmission intensity. We examined how the peripheral parasite load varies with transmission intensity and how this influences the symptoms and manifestations of severe malaria in children under 5 years in three areas with different malaria transmission intensity across Uganda. Methods 

We consecutively recruited 617 children with severe malaria presenting to three hospitals in areas with very low (51), moderate (367) and very high (199) transmission intensities and compared the age, admission parasite density and proportions of patients with different manifestations of severe disease. Results 

The median age (months) was inversely proportional to transmission intensity and declined with rising transmission (26.4 in very low, 18.0 in moderate and 9.0 under very high transmission). The highest proportion of patients reporting previous malaria admissions came from the area with moderate transmission. The geometric mean parasite density (18 357, 32 508 and 95 433/l) and the proportion of patients with seizures (13.7%, 36.8% and 45.7%, P < 0.001) from very low, moderate and very high transmission respectively, increased with rising transmission. A linear increase with transmission was also observed in the proportion of those with repeated seizures (9.8%, 13.4% and 30.2%, P < 0.001) or impaired consciousness (7.8%, 12.8% and 18.1%, P = 0.029) but not respiratory distress. The proportion of patients with severe anaemia (19.6%, 24.8% and 37.7%, P = 0.002) mirrored that of patients with seizures. Conclusions 

These findings suggest that heavy Plasmodium falciparum parasitaemia may be important in development of seizures, severe malarial anaemia and impaired consciousness in children under 5 years of age but may not be important in the development of respiratory distress.

Keywords: children under 5 years; manifestations; severe malaria; transmission intensity

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2005.01518.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Mulago Hospital/Makerere University Medical School, Kampala, Uganda 2: Masafu Health Centre IV, Busia, Uganda 3: Department of Paediatrics, Kabale Regional Referral Hospital, Kabale, Uganda 4: Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, USA 5: Child Health and Development Centre, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Publication date: January 1, 2006

bsc/tmih/2006/00000011/00000001/art00014
dcterms_title,dcterms_description,pub_keyword
6
5
20
40
5

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more