Sero-epidemiological study of kala-azar in a village of Varanasi district, India
To evaluate five kala-azar serological tests for field use. Method
Serological survey in Pandit Ka Purva village in Varanasi district, India, using Sia water test, aldehyde test, direct agglutination test (DAT), micro-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and dot-ELISA. Results
The total population of the village was 518, 67 of whom showed typical clinical and parasitological features of kala-azar, including seven who died. The age distribution of kala-azar cases showed significant differences, being highest among the 45–54-year age group. The disease was more prevalent among males. Serum samples were collected from 498 persons (96% of total population) including 67 kala-azar cases and 40 disease controls (malaria, TB, leprosy, typhoid). Ten 10 serum samples from healthy controls living in endemic area were also collected. The test sensitivities were: Sia water test, 85.0%; aldehyde test, 62.7%; DAT, 94.0%; micro-ELISA, 91.0% and dot-ELISA, 97.0%. The test specificities were: Sia water test 92.5%, aldehyde test, 93.2%, DAT, 96.7; micro-ELISA, 97.6% and dot-ELISA, 98.4%. Conclusion
The dot-ELISA is highly sensitive and specific, cheap, and easy to interpret with the naked eye, making it a powerful screening test for the surveillance and diagnosis of Indian kala-azar at field level.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Biochemistry, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India 2: Kala-azar Medical Research Centre, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India 3: Department of Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
Publication date: 01 January 2006