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Free Content Developing an evidence-based, preventive care package for persons with HIV in Africa

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Summary

Currently, 95% of the 40 million persons with HIV live in low and middle income countries; 27 million in sub-Saharan Africa. HIV/AIDS is a leading cause of death in the region, yet access to care and treatment considered standard-of-care in the industrialized world is extremely limited. There is a need for standardized, evidence-based recommendations on preventive measures. We developed a list of potential interventions based, when possible, on documented efficacy in reducing morbidity or mortality among persons with HIV in Africa. We considered the accessibility, affordability, and potential for implementation using existing health care infrastructure. Potential components included cotrimoxazole prophylaxis, safe drinking water, isoniazid prophylaxis, insecticide-treated bed nets, micronutrients, and provision of HIV counseling and testing and condoms to family members of persons with HIV. There are several additional interventions for which further evaluation would be useful before inclusion in a standard package of care, including acyclovir prophylaxis, food supplementation, hand washing, and fluconazole prophylaxis. The provision of a basic care package could be an important step toward reducing health care disparities and gaining more control of the global HIV/AIDS epidemic.
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Keywords: Africa; HIV; care; opportunistic infections; prevention; voluntary counselling and testing

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: CDC-Uganda, Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Entebbe, Uganda 2: Uganda Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda 3: United States Agency for International Development, Washington DC, USA 4: Office of the US Global AIDS Coordinator, United States Department of State, Washington DC, USA

Publication date: 2005-10-01

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