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Free Content Participatory evaluations of trachoma control programmes in eight countries

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Abstract:

Summary Objectives 

Trachoma is a major cause of blindness. The objective of this initiative was to conduct participatory process evaluations of the trachoma control programmes receiving support from the International Trachoma Initiative in eight countries. Methods 

During each 2- to 4-week evaluation we analysed information collected at the central, district and community level through interviews, focus groups, questionnaires, direct observation of trachoma control activities, and existing data. Results 

Mapping and assessment of disease prevalence had been completed in four of eight countries. Integration of trachoma control activities into national planning and district-level service provision varied. Intersectoral partnerships to implement the SAFE strategy (i.e. surgery, antibiotics, facial cleanliness and environmental change) were well established in a few countries. In all eight countries, the number of surgeries performed annually was insufficient; and quality of surgery was rarely monitored. Mass distribution of antibiotics was carried out well in extremely resource-poor settings and good coverage was achieved, although the strategy for antibiotic distribution varied. Inadequate water and sanitation remained a major problem in all programme areas. Monitoring of programme activities was generally inadequate. The Morocco programme is an example from which lessons and processes can be learnt and adapted to other programme countries. Conclusions 

Significant achievements have been made in implementing the SAFE strategy. Scaling up of activities to true national coverage should be planned and implemented provided the resources can be made available. Further standardization of how to assess, implement and monitor trachoma control activities will facilitate expansion of the programme.

Keywords: SAFE programme; antibiotics; evaluation; eye care; health promotion; monitoring; ophthalmology; trachoma

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2005.01451.x

Publication date: August 1, 2005

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