Therapeutic efficacy of artemether-lumefantrine and artesunate-mefloquine for treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Luang Namtha Province, Lao People's Democratic Republic
The efficacy of the six-dose regimen of artemether-lumefantrine was compared with the combination of artesunate and mefloquine in a randomised, comparative trial in Luang Namtha Province, Northern Laos. Of 1033 screened patients, 201 were positive for Plasmodium falciparum; 108 patients of all age groups (2–66 years) with acute, uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria were enrolled in the study, 100 of whom were followed-up for 42 days. Fifty-three patients received artemether-lumefantrine and 55 received artesunante-mefloquine. Both drug combinations induced rapid clearance of parasites and malaria symptoms; there was no significant difference in the initial therapeutic response parameters. Both regimes were well tolerated. After 42 days, cure rates were 93.6% (95% CI = 82.5–98.7%; 44 of 47 patients) for artemether-lumefantrine and 100% (95% CI = 93.3–100.0%; 53 of 53 patients) for artesunate-mefloquine. The results show the excellent efficacy and tolerability of both artemether-lumefantrine and artesunate-mefloquine in Northern Laos.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Institute of Tropical Medicine, Charité, Berlin, Germany 2: Centre of Malariology, Parasitology and Entomology, Vientiane, Lao PDE 3: WHO Office Lao PDR, Vientiane, Lao PDR 4: WHO Western Pacific Region Office, Manila, Philippines
Publication date: 2004-11-01