Skip to main content

Free Content Antimalarial efficacy of sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine, amodiaquine and a combination of chloroquine plus sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine in Bundi Bugyo, western Uganda

Download Article:

You have access to the full text article on a website external to ingentaconnect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library



We report below an in vivo antimalarial efficacy study conducted in 2002 in Bundi Bugyo, a district of western Uganda housing a large displaced population. We tested sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine (SP), amodiaquine (AQ) and the combination chloroquine plus SP (CQ + SP). A total of 268 children with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria were followed-up for 28 days according to WHO recommendations, with PCR genotyping to distinguish late recrudescences from re-infections. PCR-adjusted failure proportions at day 28 were 37.0% (34/92, 95% CI 27.1–47.7) in the SP group, 20.6% (14/68, 95% CI 11.7–32.1) in the AQ group and 22.8% (18/79, 95% CI 14.1–33.6) in the CQ + SP group. Early failures were particularly frequent in the SP group (15.2%). Clearance of gametocytes was slower in the SP and CQ + SP groups than in the AQ group. This study suggests that, in Bundi Bugyo, CQ + SP (Uganda's first-line regimen) will need to be replaced by a more efficacious regimen. Across Uganda, the deployment of SP containing combinations may not be a feasible long-term strategy. For Bundi Bugyo, we recommend a combination of artesunate and AQ. Our study also confirms previous findings that resistance is considerably underestimated by 14-day follow-ups. Antimalarial policy decisions should therefore be based on 28-day studies, with PCR adjustment to distinguish re-infections.

Keywords: Plasmodium falciparum; Uganda; amodiaquine; chloroquine; efficacy; malaria; sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1:  Epicentre, Paris, France 2:  Médecins Sans Frontières, Paris, France 3:  Malaria Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda 4:  Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sot, Thailand

Publication date: April 1, 2004


Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more