If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Free Content Short Communication: Prevalence of mutations associated with resistance to atovaquone and to the antifolate effect of proguanil in Plasmodium falciparum isolates from northern Ghana

You have access to the full text article on a website external to ingentaconnect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library

Download Article:



Atovaquone-proguanil has recently been introduced for the treatment and prophylaxis of malaria. However, resistance of Plasmodium falciparum is increasingly reported. We assessed P. falciparum polymorphisms associated with resistance to atovaquone (cytochrome b, cytb) and to cycloguanil, the active compound of proguanil (dihydrofolate reductase, dhfr) in 100 isolates from northern Ghana. None of these exhibited cytb codon 268 mutations. Moreover, no dhfr V16A, S108T or I164L mutations linked with cycloguanil resistance were detected. However, dhfr triple mutants (S108N-I51L-C59R) conferring resistance to proguanil and sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine were seen in 51% of the isolates. In northern Ghana, P. falciparum cytb codon 268 mutations associated with atovaquone resistance are absent. Although proguanil appears to act synergistically with atovaquone in a way different from its antifolate property, the abundance of dhfr polymorphisms will likely compromise the prevention of dissemination of atovaquone-resistant parasites once emerged.

Keywords: Plasmodium falciparum; atovaquone; cytochrome; dhfr; malaria; proguanil

Document Type: Short Communication

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2004.01201.x

Affiliations: 1:  Institute of Tropical Medicine, Charité, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany 2:  School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana

Publication date: March 1, 2004

Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more