Use of antenatal care services and intermittent preventive treatment for malaria among pregnant women in Blantyre District, Malawi
Malaria in pregnancy contributes to low birth weight and increased infant mortality. As part of WHO's Roll Back Malaria initiative, African heads of state pledged that by 2005, 60% of pregnant women will receive malaria chemoprophylaxis or intermittent preventive treatment (IPT). We performed a cluster sample survey to study the use of sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine (SP) for IPT among recently pregnant women in February 2000 in Blantyre District, Malawi. Among 391 women in the sample, 98.6% had attended antenatal clinic at least once and 90.2% knew that SP/IPT was recommended during pregnancy. Overall, only 36.8% received the full recommended two-dose regimen of SP/IPT. Using data from 187 women with antenatal clinic cards, we found that residence location, housing type and gender/age/education of the head of household were not associated with failure to receive SP/IPT. Adjusting for education, multigravid women were more likely not to receive the recommended SP/IPT regimen (RR 1.2, 95% CI 1.02–1.5, P = 0.03). A substantial effort to improve the delivery and use of SP/IPT in Malawi will be necessary, but the Roll Back Malaria 2005 goal appears achievable.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Malaria Epidemiology Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA 2: Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA 3: Blantyre District Health Office, Blantyre, Malawi 4: Blantyre Integrated Malaria Initiative, Blantyre, Malawi 5: Ministry of Health and Population, Lilongwe, Malawi
Publication date: 2004-01-01