Free Content Mumbai disease in far western Nepal: HIV infection and syphilis among male migrant-returnees and non-migrants

You have access to the full text article on a website external to ingentaconnect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library

Download Article:

Abstract:

Summary Objective

To measure the seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and syphilis, and to assess the behavioural risk factors for these infections among migrant-returnees and non-migrants in far western Nepal. Methods

In April 2001, we recruited 97 male migrant-returnees and 40 non-migrants from five rural villages in Doti district where migration to Mumbai is common. For data collection, we conducted a serological examination for HIV and syphilis, and a perception and behaviour survey on HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Results

We found that 11 of 137 men (8%) were positive for HIV infection and 30 men (22%) for syphilis. The respondents, especially the migrant-returnees from Mumbai, were engaging in risky behaviours such as pre- or extramarital sex, and sex with multiple partners, including sex workers. Conclusions

This study revealed high HIV and syphilis prevalence among the male migrant-returnees and non-migrants in far western Nepal where migration to Mumbai is common. The prevalent behaviours, particularly among the migrant-returnees, imply urgent needs of the behavioural modification programme in this area to prevent the spread of HIV infection to general population.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS; Nepal; epidemiology; migration; sexual behaviours; syphilis

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.2003.01110.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of International Community Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan 2: Department of Health Policy and Planning, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan 3: Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Institute of Medicine, Teaching Hospital, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal 4: College of Public Health, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Publication date: October 1, 2003

Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more