If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Free Content How many sputum smears are necessary for case finding in pulmonary tuberculosis?

You have access to the full text article on a website external to ingentaconnect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library

Download Article:

Abstract:

Summary

We reviewed the laboratory registers of 42 tuberculosis (TB) diagnostic centres in the southern region of Ethiopia to determine the value of submitting serial sputum samples for the diagnosis of pulmonary TB (PTB) and estimate the proportion of suspects that are smear positive. A total of 15 821 TB suspects submitted three smears each (47 463 smears) in 2000 with a median of 228 per centre. The smear positivity rate (two or more positive smears) was 25%, with a range of 16.8–36.4% per zone. This exceeds the international recommendations of examining 10 suspects to identify one case. A total of 4099 (26%) of the suspects had at least one positive smear with 3753 (91.6%) of the first specimens being positive. A further 303 (7.4%) were negative in the first specimen but had a positive second specimen and 42 (1%) suspects had two negative specimens followed by a positive third smear. The value of the third sputum is negligible as 99% of the cases were identified from the first and second specimens. Reducing the number of specimens to two or even one would have multiple advantages in countries where laboratories are usually over-burdened and are not easily accessible to the population. Submission of two specimens on the same day could improve compliance in submitting samples and collecting results as the number of diagnostic visits would be reduced without significant loss of sensitivity.

Keywords: PTB; case-finding; serial AFB; southern region of Ethiopia

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.2003.01107.x

Affiliations: 1: TB/Leprosy and Blindness Control Programme, Awassa, Ethiopia 2: Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK

Publication date: October 1, 2003

Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more