Clinical presentation and diagnostic sensitivity of laboratory tests for Strongyloides stercoralis in travellers compared with immigrants in a non-endemic country
To assess whether the clinical and laboratory methods for diagnosing Strongyloides stercoralis infection in non-endemic countries is different between those who are chronically exposed and those who travel. Methods
Analysis of laboratory and clinical data from 204 patients having S. stercoralis infection at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases, London. Results
Sixty-four travellers and 128 immigrants from endemic countries had laboratory-proven strongyloides. In those with microscopically proven disease, serology was 73% sensitive in travellers and 98% sensitive in immigrants (P < 0.001). There was no difference in the eosinophil count between the two groups with 19% having a normal count. Patterns of symptoms varied between the groups, and around one-third were asymptomatic in both groups. Serology was of limited use in follow-up. Conclusions
Eosinophil count and stool microscopy are insufficiently sensitive to be used alone for screening strongyloides. The sensitivity of serology is good in immigrants with chronic infection, but lower in travellers.