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Hantaan virus antibody prevalence in rodent populations of several provinces of northeastern Thailand

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Summary

We conducted a serological survey of 632 rodents from the northeast region of Thailand in order to assess the presence of Hantaan-like viruses that may be a risk to the human population. Rodents were collected from rice fields, houses and domestic gardens in five northeastern provinces and tested for IgG reacting sera to Hantaan antigen using enzyme-linked immunoassays. The overall prevalence of Hantavirus infection in rodents was 2.1% (13/632). Species that tested positive included Bandicota indica (4.3% positive within species), Rattus exulans (2.1%), R. losea (1.6%) and R. rattus (0.9%). Species such as R. exulans and R. losea are candidate hosts of unidentified Hantaan-like viruses in Thailand.
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Keywords: Hantavirus; Thailand; rodent

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Center for Vaccine Development–Research Center for Emerging Viral Disease, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, 2: Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, USA, 3: Department of Communicable Diseases Control, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand, 4: Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangkok, Thailand,

Publication date: 2002-10-01

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